NSW Colonial Chronology
New South Wales 1804 - 1817
|Date||New South Wales Events||Other Events|
1804 - Convicts rebelled from the Castle Hill Government Farm and made a stand for freedom at the Battle of Vinegar Hill (5/3/1804).
1804- Martial law proclaimed and Roman Catholic services banned.
1804 - A 'Loyal Association' comprised of settlers and emancipists is formed.
1804 - Second penal colony established at the Hunter River.
1804 - The name Newcastle proclaimed by Governor King.
1804 - Government brewery established at Parramatta.
1804 - George Clay attempted to cross the Blue Mountains.
1804 - John Macarthur granted 5000 acres of land at the Cow Pastures.
1804 - Arrival of convict ship Coromandel (7/5/1804).
1804 - Arrival of convict ship Experiment (24/6/1804).
1804 - David Collins establishes convict settlement at Hobart on the Derwent River in Van Diemens Land.
1804 - William Peterson establishes second settlement in Van Diemens Land, named George Town, on Tamar River.
1804 - Matthew Flinders first uses the name 'Australia'.
1804 - Rev. Robert Knopwood conducted first church service at Hobart.
1804 - Half the military and many convicts withdrawn from Norfolk Island.
1805 - First Australian built sea whaler 'King George' launched. Owned by Henry Kable.
1805 - Norfolk Island settlement abandoned.
1806 - Captain William Bligh succeeded Philip Gidley King as Governor (13/8/1806).
1806 - Massive flooding of Hawkesbury River destroys crops.
1806 - Arrival of convict ship Tellicherry (15/2/1806).
1806 - Arrival of convict ship William Pitt (11/4/1806).
1806 - Arrival of convict ship Fortune (12/7/1806).
1806 - Arrival of convict ship Alexander (20/8/1806).
1806 - Launceston settlement established in Van Diemen's Land.
1806 - News of the Battle of Trafalgar reaches the Colony.
1807 - First wool exports to England by James Macarthur.
1807 - Governor Bligh made Order forbidding the distillation of spirits. The use of rum as a currency was forbidden.
1807 - Darcy Wentworth suspended from official duties by Governor Bligh for alleged misconduct.
1807 - Warrant issued for arrest of John Macarthur. Charged with sedition.
1807 - Arrival of convict ship Duchess of York (4/4/1807).
1807 - Arrival of convict ship Sydney Cove (18/6/1807).
1807 - Arrival of convict ship Duke of Portland (27/7/1807).
1807 - Expedition from Launceston to Hobart by Lieutenant Thomas Laycock.
1808 - “Rum Rebellion”: Governor William Bligh deposed in a coup led by military officers of the New South Wales Corps (26/1/1808).
1808 - Revolutionary officer's take over Government after William Bligh removed as Governor.
1808 - Hawkesbury River floods.
1808 - Lime burning by convicts commenced near Newcastle.
1808 - Rev. William Cowper appointed Senior Assistant Chaplain of NSW.
1808 - Arrival of convict ship Speke (16/11/1808).
1808 - Arrival of convict ship Admiral Gambier (20/12/1808).
1809 - Severe drought in NSW destroys crops and causes water shortages.
1809 - First detachment of the 73rd Regiment arrived in Sydney on board the convict ship Boyd (14/8/1809).
1809 - Full complement of the first battalion of the 73rd Regiment arrived on the H. M. Storeship 'Dromedary' and the H. M. S. Hindostan (28/12/1809).
1809 - Ebenezer Church built (oldest existing church & was first Presbyterian Church built in Australia).
1809 - Colonel William Paterson appointed Administrator of Colony from 9/1/1809 until 21/12/1809.
1809 - NSW Corps renamed 102nd Regiment.
1809 - Floods at the Hawkesbury River.
1809 - Arrival of convict ship Duke of Portland (25/1/1809).
1809 - Arrival of convict ship Aeolus (26/1/1809).
1809 - Arrival of convict ship Experiment (25/6/1809).
1809 - Arrival of convict ship Boyd (14/8/1809).
1809 - Arrival of convict ship Indispensable (18/8/1809).
1809 - Removal of settlers from Norfolk Island.
1810 - Governor Lachlan Macquarie took office (1/1/1810).
1810 - Recall of New South Wales Corps to England.
1810 - Ellis Bent became the colony's third deputy Judge Advocate.
1810 - First official cedar shipments from Shoalhaven and Illawarra districts.
1810 - Windsor Road was constructed.
1810 - William Bligh departs the Colony on the Hindostan.
1810 - Land grants, trials and persons appointed to positions since removal of Governor Bligh were nullified. Convict pardons were cancelled.
1810 - James Harper of Parramatta signed contract to build a public turnpike road from Cheer's Corner in Sydney town to toll bridge at Hawkesbury.
1810 - Toll gates erected at Windsor, Rouse Hill and Parramatta.
1810 - Sydney street names altered by Governor Macquarie.
1810 - Governor Macquarie established the five towns of Windsor, Richmond, Castlereagh, Pitt Town and Wilberforce.
1810 - Arrival of convict ship Anne (27/2/1810).
1810 - Arrival of convict ship Hunter (20/8/1810).
1810 - Arrival of convict ship Canada (8/9/1810).
1810 - Arrival of convict ship Indian (16/12/1810).
1810 - Napoleon Bonaparte orders the destruction of Sydney from Mauritius however a British fleet captures Mauritius before the orders could be carried out.
1810 - VDL's first newspaper - The Derwent Star and Van Diemen's Land Intellingencer.
1810 - Matthew Flinders liberated from Mauritius.
1811 - Castle Hill Government Farm was converted to the first Lunatic Asylum.
1811 - Bridge over Tank Stream in Sydney completed.
1811 - Foundation stone of Sydney Hospital laid by Governor Macquarie.
1811 - Male Orphan School opened.
1811 - Arrival of convict ship Eagle (17/2/1811).
1811 - Arrival of convict ship Frederick & Maria (19/6/1811).
1811 - Arrival of convict ship Providence (2/7/1811).
1811 - Arrival of convict ship Ruby (28/9/1811).
1811 - Arrival of convict ship Admiral Gambier (29/9/1811 ).
1811 - Arrival of convict ship Friends (10/10/1811).
1811 - Arrival of convict ship Mangalore (2/11/1811).
1811 - Governor Macquarie inspects Van Diemens Land, sets out town design for Hobart.
1812 - Parramatta Industrial School for girls established.
1812 - Arrival of convict ship Campbell Macquarie (17/1/1812).
1812 - Arrival of convict ship Guildford (18/1/1812).
1812 - Arrival of convict ship Minstrel (25/10/1812).
1812 - War on Britain declared by United States of America.
1812 - Select Committee Report to the House of Commons on Transportation to NSW completed.
1812 - Direct transportation of convicts to Van Diemens Land commenced with the arrival of the Indefatigable.
1813 - Gregory Blaxland, William Wentworth and Lieutenant William Lawson discovered a passage over the Blue Mountains (May 1813).
1813 - The first Sunday School is established by Thomas Hassall on the Parramatta property of his father, Rowland Hassall.
1813 - A Proclamation is issued regarding the introduction & design of the 'Holey Dollar' to become legal tender on 30/9/1813.
1813 - The road to Botany is completed (September 1813).
1813 - Female Orphan School at Parramatta built.
1813 - Death of the Aborigine Bennelong at Kissing Point.
1813 - Foundation stone of Sydney Lighthouse laid by Governor Macquarie (first Macquarie lighthouse) (18/7/1813).
1813 - John Macarthur exported 36 bales of wool to England (6/7/1813).
1813 - King's Wharf at Sydney completed.
1813 - Benevolent Society formed.
1813 - G. W. Evans leaves Sydney to cross the main range of the blue Mountains & discovers the Bathurst Plains (19/11/1813).
1813 - The Turnpike road to Windsor is completed during December 1813.
1813 - Arrival of convict ship Archduke Charles (16/2/1813).
1813 - Arrival of convict ship Fortune (11/6/1813).
1813 - Arrival of convict ship Eliza (5/7/1813).
1813 - Arrival of convict ship Earl Spencer (9/10/1813).
1814 - Jeffrey Bent arrives in Sydney to become first judge in Colony (court has civil jurisdiction only).
1814 - Australia's first private Doctor, William Bland, arrived as a convict. Sent to Castle Hill Lunatic Asylum to serve as its medical officer.
1814 - Road opened between Parramatta and Liverpool.
1814 - Surveyor George Evans discovered the Bathurst Plains.
1814 - Work underway on Great Western Road built by convict labour linking the Nepean to Bathurst.
1814 - Traces of gold found by convicts while working on the Bathurst Road. Flogging was threatened for any person who told about the discovery.
1814 - Establishment of Civil Court in NSW.
1814 - First road over the Blue Mountains from Sydney to Bathurst completed (Cox's Road) (15/12/1814).
1814 - Arrival of convict ship Wanstead (9/1/1814).
1814 - Arrival of convict ship General Hewitt (7/2/1814).
1814 - Arrival of convict ship Britannia (14/2/1814).
1814 - Arrival of convict ship Catherine (4/5/1814).
1814 - Arrival of convict ship Three Bees (6/5/1814).
1814 - Arrival of convict ship Frederick (18/6/1814).
1814 - Arrival of convict ship Broxbornebury (28/7/1814).
1814 - Arrival of convict ship Surrey (28/7/1814).
1814 - Arrival of convict ship Somersetshire (16/10/1814).
1814 - First penal settlement at Norfolk Island closed.
1814 - Publication of Matthew Flinder's book, A Voyage to Terra Australis, which popularised the use of “Australia” for the whole continent.
1814 - Death of Matthew Flinders.
1815 - Bungaree appointed Chief of Broken Bay aboriginal tribe by Governor Macquarie.
1815 - First use of a steam engine in Sydney used by John Dickson.
1815 - Private medical practice commenced in Sydney by Dr. William Bland.
1815 - Work began on Christ Church, Newcastle.
1815 - Arrival of Wesleyan Minister Rev. Samuel Leigh.
1815 - Governor Macquarie proclaimed the town of Bathurst (7/5/1815).
1815 - First school established at Newcastle.
1815 - Macquarie Arms Inn built at Windsor built.
1815 - Springwood named by Governor Macquarie.
1815 - Dr Charles Throsby established first settlement in the Illawarra district.
1815 - Governor Macquarie founds the 'Native Institution' as a school for Aboriginal children at Parramatta.
1815 - Road through Campbelltown to Appin maintained by convict work gangs.
1815 - Arrival of convict ship Marquis of Wellington (27/1/1815).
1815 - Arrival of convict ship Phoenix-Union (14/4/1815).
1815 - Arrival of convict ship Frederick (26/4/1815).
1815 - Arrival of convict ship Indefatigable (26/4/1815).
1815 - Arrival of convict ship Eliza (16/5/1815).
1815 - Arrival of convict ship Northampton (18/6/1815).
1815 - Arrival of convict ship Canada (5/8/1815).
1815 - Arrival of convict ship Francis & Eliza (8/8/1815).
1815 - Arrival of convict ship Baring (7/9/1815).
1815 - First free immigrants arrived in VDL.
1815 - Defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at Battle of Waterloo.
1816 - A General Hospital was built in Sydney by contractors who were paid by government with a monopoly of rum imports for a set period.
1816 - Construction of Coxswain's Barracks (Cadman's Cottage) at Sydney Cove completed, as part of Sydney Dockyard.
1816 - Governor Macquarie proclaimed cessation of hostilities towards Aborigines (1/11/1816).
1816 - Windsor Toll House constructed.
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Fanny (18/1/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Mary Anne (19/1/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Ocean (30/1/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Kangaroo (5/2/1916).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Hayeston (13/3/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Alexander (4/4/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Guildford (8/4/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Bridgewater (11/5/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Frederick (23/6/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Atlas (22/7/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Elizabeth (5/10/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Mariner (11/10/1816).
1816 - Arrival of convict ship Surrey (20/12/1816).
1817 - Governor Macquarie signed a Charter of Incorporation establishing the Bank of New South Wales (now named Westpac) (February 1817).
1817 - Old Northern Road built.
1817 - Construction began on Fort Macquarie, on Sydney Harbour (December 1817).
1817 - Rev. Jeremiah O'Flynn, a Roman Catholic priest arrived. He was not government endorsed and began a secret catholic ministry.
1817 - Governor Macquarie laid foundation stone for St. Andrews Church, Sydney.
1817 - Governor Macquarie laid foundation stone for Government Stables, Sydney.
1817 - Governor Macquarie laid foundation stone for St. Matthews Church, Windsor (October 1817).
1817 - John Oxley explores the Lachlan River.
1817 - Macleay River discovered by Thomas Whyte.
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Lord Melville (24/2/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Fame (8/3/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Sir William Bensley (10/3/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Hunter (14/4/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Morley (10/4/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Shipley (24/4/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Mary (6/6/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Chapman (26/7/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Pilot (29/7/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Canada (6/8/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Almorah (29/8/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Lord Eldon (30/9/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Larkins (22/11/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Frederick (22/11/1817).
1817 - Arrival of convict ship Jeune Ferdinand (17/12/1817).
1817 - Governor Macquarie formally adopts the name 'Australia' for the Colony in official correspondence (21/12/1817).